Direito Eleitoral Brasileiro. Belo Horizonte: Del Rey, Direito eleitoral. Starting with the Stockholm conference in , several normative acts were established aiming to protect the environment. Brazilian legislation on the matter is rather comprehensive, starting with the Federal Constitution, encompassing the Criminal and Civil Codes. There is also specific and supplementary legislation at federal, state and municipal levels. Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente. Ambiental, Elementos de Direito Ambiental brasileiro. Rio de Janeiro: Thex, Oliveira, ISBN X. O que o Brasil precisa saber sobre o Mercosul.
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The basic legislation ruling the Social Security System in Brazil encompasses:. It is still worth noting that Constitutional Amendment n. This page offers, among others, Acts, decrees, directives, implementing orders, legal digests and former court rulings by the Higher Courts, opinions and articles collected by several Brazilian Public Social Security agencies. Porto Alegre: S.
Organizada por Aristeu de Oliveira. Decree n. October, , which approved radio broadcasting services, is the fundamental text on the matter, together with Decree n. Created by Act n. The first efforts to structure Agrarian Law in Brazil date back to , however, only much later, in , was the Land Statute established by Act n.
This text is still the basic piece of legislation on Land Reform. Porto Alegre: Livr. Rio de Janeiro : Campus, Caxias do Sul: Maneco Liv. Couto org. For the last six years, the Brazilian sector of telecommunications has been undergoing a restructuring process, and its entire regulatory framework was considered and amended. Pires 3 has identified six stages in this process:. Homepages for both the Ministry of Communications and the National Telecommunications Agency ANATEL offer the full text of all mentioned legislation and other legislative acts regarding the telecommunications sector.
Rio de Janeiro :Lumen Juris, Porto alegre: Livr. The oldest Brazilian traffic legal instrument dates back to Later on further legislation was enacted. The first Traffic Code was established in In the following year this Code was substantially altered by Decree-Law n. In and special Committees were created to study and propose a bill for a new Traffic Code. The Brazilian Traffic Code established by Act n. It was amended by Act n. Porto Alegre : Sagra Luzzatto, Campinas : Millennium, The Brazilian taxation system had its guidelines established in the Federal Constitution, articles to According to the Constitution, the Union, States, Municipalities, and the Federal District have competence, either exclusive or concurrent, to institute taxes.
The Union has the power to institute and collect taxes on: importation of foreign products; exportation of national products; income and earnings of any nature, industrial products, rural property, credit, foreign exchange and insurance transactions or transactions relating to bonds or securities, and on large fortunes. States and the Federal District have the competence to institute and collect taxes on: descent or donation of any property or rights, transactions relating to the circulation of goods and to the operation of interstate and inter-municipal transportation services and communication services ICMS and on ownership of motorized vehicles IPVA.
According to the Federal Constitution art. Search is either by subject or type of norm. The following are examples of bibliographic references by type of material.
The order of elements necessary to identify the materials is between brackets. Title of the book. Edition number. Place: Editor, date. Title of the article. Title of the Periodical , place of publication, volume, number, first and last pages of the article, month or season of the year , year. Type and number of appeal. Disputing parties. Rapporteur: Mr. Majority opinion and dissenting opinion.
Supremo Tribunal Federal. Relator: Ministro Rafael Mayer. Standardized code name and date. Title of the Publication : further information from covering page. Name of organizer or collaborators. Number of pages. Title type of instrument, n.
Features – Doing Legal Research in Brazil 2002
Indication of the official gazette. If quotation is no longer than three lines it must be inserted within the running text; longer quotations are set off from the text by being indented both right and left. All data necessary to identify the publication from which quoted matter within the text, an idea paraphrased, etc. Such citations can be inserted within the text or appended as a note at the foot of the page, or at the end of the complete text.
Citation sentences may comply either with the numeric references method or first element-date method. According to the numeric references method, superscript, parenthetical or bracketed numerals, inserted at the end of the quotation, refer to documents in the order in which they are first cited.
Subsequent citations of a particular document receive the same number as the first. For example:. If necessary, page numbers may be given after the year within parentheses, set off by commas. Segundo Morais , p. As already mentioned and besides the careful discipline of the legislative process the current Constitution also cites briefly code bills. However, in what regards the process or procedure of amalgamation, the Constitution only mentions, in art.
Sole Paragraph. Supplementary legislation shall provide for the preparation, drafting, amendment and amalgamation of legal instruments. Finally, and as it should be, the legal instrument concerning adoption was regulated by Civil Code Act n. The theme adoption is regulated by Act n. Articles 42 to 46 deal with the theme in a generic form and paragraph 2 of art. From onwards, the Federal Government was legally allowed to hire public servants according to the standards of Consolidation of Labor Laws side by side with statutory servants. This regime duplicity was provided for in the Constitution of January 24, , pursuant to art.
The Labor Legislation is applied to public servants hired temporarily for civil works or for technical or specialized jobs. Still regarding this issue, Act n. Ivan Barbosa Rigolin , p. He is reckoned a negation to the capacity of representing the town or the empire and therefore, the foreigner can only be regarded as a disabled person. Some legal rules become known and are referred to by their abbreviation or specific name. The first chart contains legal rules which are also known by their abbreviation. The second one shows those legal rules known by their popular names.
Abbreviations and Popular Names of Legal Rules. Full name in Portuguese. Full name in English. Civil Code. Federal Constitution. Consolidated Labor Laws. Code of Civil Procedure. National Revenue and Taxation Code. Child and Adolescent Statute. Direct Action of Unconstitutionality Act. Criminal Misdemeanors Act.
Education Guidelines and Framework Act. Budgetary Directives Act. Tax Foreclosure Act. Civil Code Introduction Act. Popular Name. Legal Rule Number. Afonso Arinos Act. Act no. Darcy Ribeiro Act. Corporation Act or S. National Security Act. Supplementary Act no. The language barrier is one of the biggest difficulties for a foreign law librarian in doing research in Brazilian legislation.
Most websites provide information in Portuguese only. Sometimes, part of the access menu is shown in a foreign language, generally in English. After this barrier is overcome, another one presents itself, and this one is almost insurmountable: virtually every document retrieved is in Portuguese. These texts are not official translations. The Constitution confers upon it an autonomous role so that it can better perform its functions as guardian of the Constitution, democracy, legality, public interests, and inalienable individual interests. Revista Forense www.
General Data about Brazil 1. Nationality 1. Separation of Powers 1. Brazilian Judicial System 1. Control of Constitutionality 1. Brazilian Legislative System 1. The Making of Laws 1. Legislative Systems in the States and Municipalities 2. Bahia 2. Mato Grosso 2. Minas Gerais 2. Pernambuco 2. Rio Grande do Norte 2. Rio Grande do Sul 2. Santa Catarina 2.
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Libraries 3. Law Schools 3. Undergraduate Courses 3. Graduate Courses 3. Law Societies and Bar Associations 3. Associations of Lawyers, Judges, and Prosecutors 3. Brazilian Legal Publishing Houses 4. Miscellaneous 4. Non-governmental sites 4. Government sites 4. Codes 4. New Civil Code 4. Topic Search 4. Science and Technology 4. Foreign Trade 4. Children and Adolescents 4. Culture 4.
Consumer Rights 4. Education 4. Elections 4. Environment 4. Mercosur 4. Social Security 4. Radio Broadcasting 4. Land Reform 4. Telecommunications 4. Traffic 4. Taxation 5. Bibliographic References 5. Bibliographic References for Books 5. Bibliographic References for Articles in Periodicals 5. Bibliographic References for Codes 5. Citations and Quotations 5. Citation Format Rules 5.
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Citation of Federal Constitution 5. Code Citation 5. Legal Citation 5. Citation Sentences from Books and Periodicals 6. Therefore, the following are native-born Brazilians: 1. Labor Courts of first instance A single judge is assigned to a Labor Court of first instance. Act Act no. Amnesty Act. Press Act. Informatics Act. Software Act. Foreigners Act. Etelvino Lins Act. Fleury Act. Kandir Act. Em , o Imperador D. Figura 4 Avenida Central, atual Rio Branco, em Figura 6 Vista da Avenida Presidente Vargas. Lima, Mendes, , p.
Cantarino, Vicentini, , p. Alcantara; Barbosa; Rheingantz, Figura 14 Vista noturna da Lapa e dos Arcos. Um verdadeiro shopping center ao ar livre, muito antes de o conceito ser introduzido entre os baianos. E o Centro revitaliza-se. Central, o centro da cidade vive hoje uma nova fase. Rua dos Mercadores e rua da Carioca. Por exemplo, o empreendimento Cores da Lapa foi um sucesso de vendas, com seus apartamentos vendidos rapidamente Sirkis, Ver figuras 1 e Dois concursos, dois buracos, duas cidades. Vitruvius, Minha Cidade , , dez.
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Monumenta muda pelos moradores dos centros. Grupo Oi. Anexo 2. Rio de Janeiro, 21 de dezembro de A Companhia e o Mercado de Telecom. Indicadores Financeiros da Oi e do Mercado. Resultado Operacional. Custos e Despesas. Plano para Credores. Classe 1. Classe 2. Classe 3. Classe 4. Fluxo de Caixa Operacional. Necessidade de Capital de Giro. Refinanciamento de Impostos.
Fluxo de Caixa das Atividades de Investimento. Fluxo de Caixa das Atividades de Financiamento. Despesas e Receitas Financeiras. Financiamentos Adicionais. Outros Financiamentos. Fluxo de Caixa Consolidado. De acordo com a Lei n o Figura 1. Tabela 1. Fonte: IBGE. Consultado em 18 de setembro de Organograma 1. Fonte: Oi. Principais Atividades. Telemar Norte Leste S. Portugal Telecom International Finance B. Tabela 2. Fonte: Telebrasil. Fonte: Capital IQ.